Mpox (Monkeypox)

Last Updated: March 30, 2023

Although anyone can get mpox (formerly known as Monkeypox), due to limited availability of vaccine, vaccines are currently being offered only to those most at risk right now. During the current outbreak, gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men have been impacted the most, especially those with new or multiple sexual partners. The Alberta vaccine eligibility criteria below are similar to those used by other provinces and are based on evidence about the way the virus is currently spreading in Alberta, Canada, and around the world

Preventative Vaccine Eligibility

To help curb the spread of mpox, Albertans 18 and older who self-identify as meeting the eligibility criteria for targeted prevention prior to an exposure can get the mpox vaccine. Learn more about mpox vaccine eligibility.

Additional Information

Mpox is a rare pox-like disease that can be acquired by humans, although the chances of this are extremely low. Mpox usually occurs sporadically in forested parts of Central and West Africa through transmission from animal bites or contact with body fluids from infected animals. In the last few weeks, cases have been reported from Quebec, as well as the U.K., Spain, Portugal, and the U.S.

There are 46 confirmed isolated cases in Alberta at this time. The risk of infection to the public is currently low.

Mpox does not spread easily between people, but spread can occur by contact with body fluids, mpox sores, or items that have recently been contaminated with fluids or sores (clothing, bedding, etc.). It is also possible to get sick from respiratory droplets after spending a long time close to someone who is infected.

Those at greatest risk are those who have had sexual contact with a new partner in the last month and who have a rash in the genital/perianal area, especially if they have a travel history outside the province in the month before illness onset.

It is important to practice safer sex and to promote sexual health, not just for this rare disease, but all the reasons why safer sexual health behaviors improve overall health.

If you believe you have been in close prolonged contact with someone with mpox or are experiencing mpox symptoms such as fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes, please self-isolate and call 811 or your primary care physician.

Testing is available for those who have symptoms of mpox. If you think you may have mpox, you can call HealthLink at 811 or your healthcare provider for advice. Many Sexual and Reproductive Clinics can provide testing for mpox, along with testing for more common infections. Visit to find a clinic near you. Regardless of the where you are seeking care, you should advise the healthcare provider in advance, so that precautions can be put in place.

To learn more visit the The Public Health Agency of Canada.

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